Coffee is a fruit, growing on evergreen trees, which flourishes in tropical and subtropical regions around the world. There are more that 60 varieties of coffee that grow in the world yet only two are commercial cultivated. These are Arabica and Robusta. Arabica is the oldest-known species of coffee tree. It is a high-grown species cultivated on mountainous plateaux. The Arabica beans produce a more complex and interesting flavour. Cafe Robusta is of a lower quality. This coffee is easier to cultivate and contains a higher level of acidity.
Typically, the most suitable coffee growing regions lie between the Tropics of Cancer and the tropics of Capricorn.
The coffee trees produce a delicate cluster of jasmine scented blossoms. These flowers only last a few days, as they are soon replaced by clusters of small green berries. Several months have to pass until the green berries become ripe red cherries and are ready for picking.